New MOT Rules 2018

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By Grace Hickman

on Thursday 9 August 2018

MOT reminder on post it

If you’ve only recently become familiar with the rules surrounding MOTS, then you may not be familiar with the changes that have been in place since 20th May 2018.

To fully understand how the new MOT law changes might impact vehicle owners, we first have to understand the reason for needing an MOT in the first place.

MOT Test: What is It?

Given the fact that road traffic accidents occur frequently, it stands to reason that the Government have practices in place to ensure that road users are kept as safe as possible.

For a vehicle to be able to operate in the right way, it’s important that all aspects of the car are in working order and fit for road use.

Road users must understand that an MOT is much different to a service, in that it will only check aspects of your vehicle to ensure that they meet the legal requirements.

The most basic aspects of the vehicle will be checked, including but not limited to the following:





  • Fuel System
  • Seatbelts
  • Exhaust System
  • Horn
  • Brakes
  • Registration Plates
  • Tow Bar
  • Windscreen
  • Electrical Wiring
  • Exhaust Emissions

Should there be any defects found with the items being checked, then the vehicle will need to be resubmitted for another MOT check within ten days with all faults fixed.

This can often be done by the company carrying out the MOT, but should you have the repair(s) carried out elsewhere, you will need take it back to the testing station for a partial retest. A fee for this is normally charged, but this usually works out lower than the initial fee.

What Are the MOT Rule Changes?

New Fault Categories Added

The new legislation states that the professional carrying out the MOT needs to categorise defects into the following fields:

  • Dangerous
  • Major
  • Minor

As well as the new defect categories, MOT centres are still able to give advisories (advice about things you should keep an eye on), and of course, passes.

A dangerous item means that there is an immediate risk to road safety – as well as a severely negative impact on our ecosystem.

A major item has a strong possibility of affecting the safety of the vehicle, the driver, passengers and other road users, while also potentially having an effect on the environment.

If the result of your MOT should fall under either of these categories, then the vehicle would fail its MOT.

A minor item result means that although there is no immediate impact on the safety of the vehicle or the environment, the fault needs to be repaired as soon as possible.

An advisory means that the issue should be monitored and repaired should it worsen. Both instances will result in a pass.

As well as the aforementioned categories, there are also some new items that will be checked to determine whether your vehicle passes its MOT or not – identifying further potentially dangerous faults, so that you can continue driving safely.

This involves checking that the:

  • Fluid Leaks don’t have environmental risks.
  • Brake fluid isn’t contaminated.
  • Brake pads or discs are intact and not missing.
  • Tyres aren’t underinflated.

New MOT Diesel Emissions Test: Stricter Guidelines

Those who have a diesel vehicle will only be too familiar with diesel particulate filters (DPFs), but if you’re the first-time owner of a diesel vehicle then you will need to ensure that the filter is maintained in the right way.

As you’ve probably noticed with the MOT failure rules, there is a heavy focus on how the vehicles can impact the environment. The recent updates also mean that those who operate a diesel vehicle run the risk of failing an MOT if it produces visible smoke of any colour. Those who tamper with the filter will also find that their vehicle fails the MOT automatically.

Any problems with the diesel particulate filter will often be shown on the dashboard in the image of a piped box, but if your vehicle hasn’t been serviced for some time, then now is the ideal time.

Different Rules for Vehicles Over 40 Years Old

Vehicles made before 1960 were exempt from MOTs. The new MOT regulations, however, mean that only some vehicles over 40 years old won’t require a MOT.

It should be noted that this rule won’t apply to vehicles that have been modified in any way, such as changes to the chassis and axles.

In laymen’s terms, this means that any changes should conform to the nature of the vehicle - for example, a like-for-like chassis.

The MOT Certificate is Different

How the new MOT test certificate will look may not be at the forefront of everyone’s concern, but the new certificate is much clearer, easier to understand and its design is easy on the eye for vehicle owners.

This ensures that there is more transparency in expectations, and vehicle owners know what needs to be monitored until the next MOT.

Why Have the Rules Changed?

One of the main reasons for the recent changes to how MOTs are carried out is due to the EU rolling a directive that looks to improve vehicle technology and maintenance to omit all fatalities by 2050.

It may seem strange that the UK is following suit given that it is looking to exit the EU, but as it currently stands, the UK is still an active member of the EU.

There is no real way of knowing what will happen once the UK has exited the EU, but it is still important that all vehicle owners and road users are aware of what expectations are in place in relation to an MOT and the recent MOT law changes made.

What If An MOT Isn’t Done Properly?

There will often be a series of legal ramifications should a test centre state that the vehicle has passed its MOT when it shouldn’t have, but this doesn’t mean that it never happens.

Those who feel that the testing centre shouldn’t have passed the vehicle can report the testing centre to the Trading Standards, take their own legal action or make a complaint to the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency.

Passing an MOT is essential to reducing the number of collisions on the road, but unfortunately, they do still occur. If you’ve recently been an accident that wasn’t your fault, then why not get in touch with us at Non Fault Claims to see how we can help.

Alternatively, give this article a share to remind other drivers out there!

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Non Fault Claims can help you begin your potential claim, get in touch today!

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